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Marduk-apla-iddina II also known in the Bible as Merodach-baladan was a Chaldean tribal leader and prince that twice seized the throne in Babylon and overthrew the reigning Assyrians to attempt to regain Babylonian sovereignty. He initially reigned during the time of Tiglath-Pileser III and revolted upon the death of Shalmaneser V.
He once again launched another rebellion of Babylon with the support of the Elamite king named Khumbanigash but would be ultimately unsuccessful.Merodach-Baladan, King of Babylon, enfeoffs (makes a legal agreement with) a vassal. From the original in the Altes Museum, BerlinMarduk-apla-iddina II (cuneiform spelling ᴰMES.A.SUM-na; in the Bible Merodach-Baladan, also called Marduk-Baladan, Baladan and Berodach-Baladan, lit. Marduk has given me an heir) was a Chaldean prince who usurped the Babylonian throne in 721 BC and reigned in 722 BC--710 BC, and 703 BC--702 BC.Marduk-apla iddina II was known as one of the kings who maintained Babylonian independence in the face of Assyrian military supremacy for more than a decade.Sargon of Assyria repressed the allies of Marduk-apla-iddina II in Elam, Aram and Israel and eventually drove (ca. 710 BC) him from Babylon. After the death of Sargon, Marduk-apla-iddina II briefly recaptured the throne from a native Babylonian nobleman. He reigned nine months (703 BC – 702 BC). He returned from Elam and ignited rebellion in Babylonia. He was able to enter Babylon and be declared king again. Nine months later he was defeated near Kish by the Assyrians, but managed to flee to Elam. He died in exile a couple of years later.In the BibleMerodach-baladan is mentioned as king of Babylon in the days of Hezekiah both in 2 Kings 20:12 (here called Berodach-baladan) and in Isaiah 39:1. In both passages he sends Hezekiah a letter of concern because of his illness.See alsoKings of BabylonReferencesErich Ebeling(ed.), Bruno Meissner (ed.), Ernst Weidner (ed.), Dietz Otto Edzard (ed.): Reallexikon der Assyriologie und vorderasiatischen Archäologie - Band 7 . Walter de Gruyter 1990, ISBN 3110104377, p. 375 (online copy, p. 375, at Google Books)Preceded byShalmaneser V UlulayuKing of Babylon722–710 BCSucceeded bySargon IIPreceded byMarduk-zakir-shumi IIKing of Babylon703–702 BCSucceeded byBel-ibniStub iconThis biography of a member of a Middle Eastern royal house is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.