Warfare > Battle of Carchemish

Battle of Carchemish


The Battle of Carchemish was a decisive battle fought in 605 BC between the remnants of Assyria and their Egyptian mercenary allies led by the king Necho II and the Neo-Babylonia coalition led be Nabopolassar and his son Nebuchadnezzar II.

When the Assyrian capital city of Nineveh was sacked in 612 BC following the Battle of Nineveh, the Assyrians under the leadership of general Ashur-uballit II were forced to flee to the outer territory city of Harran. After the Babylonians captured Harran in 610 BC during the Fall of Harran the Assyrians were forced once again to retreat to the city of Carchemish. Facing a fight for their civilization their Egyptian allies mustered a force to aid the Assyrians in the final battle.

Battle of Carchemish - Carchemish Map

Carchemish Map

However, the Egyptian army of Necho II would be delayed by the Battle of Megiddo (609 BE) in which the Kingdom of Judah under the leadership of Josiah tried to bar the Egyptians from passing through their land. The Jewish force was crushed and Josiah was killed during this engagement, his body buried in the city of Jerusalem in accordance with the ancient Jewish customs.

After the victory the Egyptians joined up with the Assyrians and unsuccessfully tried to take back the Harran region from Babylonia. They were forced to retreat back to Carchemish and this time the Babylonians came with their full force. Led by Nebuchadnezzar, the Babylonians crushed the combined forces of Egypt and Assyria and was a decisive changing point in Mesopotamian history.

The major record of the battle is known as the Nebuchadnezzar Chronicle which is currently housed in the British Museum. According to the Babylonian account, Nebuchadnezzar and his armies had to cross the Euphrates to crush the Assyrians at Carchemish. The Egyptian army withdrew first and in the aftermath the Assyrians were utterly crushed. The Egyptians that retreated were not so lucky as the Babylonians cut them off at the Hamath district and slaughtered them down to the last man. The Battle of Carchemish is also mentioned in the Bible, such as in the Book of Jeremiah and 2 Chronicles.


Following the defeat of the Assyrians they ceased to exist as any sort of independent power and Egypt was also forced to retreat. This represented a significant loss in power for an already declining Egypt and led to the Babylonians reaching the peak of their cultural power and influence. Following this victory Nebuchadnezzar would be forced to quickly return home as his father passed away and he needed to successfully claim the throne.

Nebuchadnezzar would later try to take over Egypt after unsuccessfully sieging Tyre for over a decade. After his defeat he returned to the city of Babylon to initiate a series of public works projects that would come to define one of the cities most culturally significant periods. Egypt would remain independent until it was later conquered by the Achaemenid Empire under the leadership of Cambyses I.

Babylonian & Median Campaign

Battle of CarchemishPart of the Egyptian-Babylonian warsDatec. 605 BCLocationCarchemishResultDecisive Babylonian victory. End of Egyptian intervention in the Near East.BelligerentsEgyptpart of the army of the former AssyriaBabyloniaCommanders and leadersNecho IINebuchadnezzar IIStrength4000018000Casualties and losseslargeminimal


Horn, Siegfried H (1967). "THE BABYLONIAN CHRONICLE AND THE ANCIENT CALENDAR OF THE KINGDOM OF JUDAH". Andrews University Seminary Studies (5/1967): 20. Retrieved 4 August 2014.Jump up ^ Wiseman, D. J. (1956). Chronicles of Chaldaean Kings (626-556 B.C.). British Museum: British Museum Publications, Ltd. p. 99.Jump up ^ British Museum. "Cuneiform tablet with part of the Babylonian Chronicle (605-594 BC)". https://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/highlight_objects/me/c/cuneiform_nebuchadnezzar_ii.aspx. External link in |website= (help);Jump up ^ King, Philip J., 1993 Jeremiah: An Archaeological Companion , Westminster/John Knox Press p.22 [1]Jump up ^ Chronicle Concerning the Early Years of Nebuchadnezzar II. Retrieved July 18, 2010.Jump up ^ The Bible, Jer. 46:3-12Jump up ^ The Bible, 2 Chr. 35:20-24

Primary Sources

Nebuchadnezzar Chronicle Translation - History Archive

Secondary Sources

Sabalico Logo
Sabali Mail Logo
Domain Search Logo
Test Speed Logo
Website On Logo
Code Editor Logo
ASCII Table Logo
HTML Symbols Logo
Emoji Symbols Logo
Encode File Logo
Generator Password Logo
QR Code Generator Logo
Barcode Generator Logo
Online Sign Logo
Dictionary Online Logo
Counter Word Logo
Text Convert Logo
Lorem Ipsum Generator Logo
Sprite Sheet Logo
Resize Image Logo
Image Compress Logo
Image Color Logo
Image Crop Logo
Combine Images Logo
Color Picker Logo
Color Convert Logo
CSS Gradient Logo
To-Do List Logo
Calendar Free Logo
Generator Meme Logo
Word Spinner Logo
Phone Country Logo
Sabalytics Logo
Senty Logo
World Map Logo
SEO Guide Logo
Keyword Tool Logo
What is my IP Logo
My Device Logo
My Browser Logo
My Location Logo
Time Zone Logo
Day Map Logo
My Weather Logo
My Galaxy Logo
The Moon Logo
Periodic Table Logo
rStatistics Logo
Unit Convert Logo
Data Convert Logo
Coordinate Converter Logo
Temperature Convert Logo
2020 Election Logo
Currency Convert Logo
Free Calculator Logo
Finance Calculator Logo
Loan Calculator Logo
Calculator Mortgage Logo
Stock Calculator Logo
Bond Calculator Logo
Tax Calculator Logo
Tip Calculator Logo
Gas Mileage Logo
History of Humanity - History Archive Logo
History of Humanity - History Mysteries Logo
History of Humanity - Ancient Mesopotamia Logo
History of Humanity - Egypt History Logo
History of Humanity - Persian Empire Logo
History of Humanity - Greek History Logo
History of Humanity - Alexander the Great Logo
History of Humanity - Roman History Logo
History of Humanity - Punic Wars Logo
History of Humanity - Golden Age of Piracy Logo
History of Humanity - Revolutionary War Logo
History of Humanity - Mafia History Logo