People > Ashur-nirari IV

Ashur-nirari IV

Background

Schroeder’s line art for the KAV 21 list of Eponyms showing the six years of Aššur-nērārī IV and both his predecessor and successor.[i 1]Aššur-nērārī IV, inscribed maš-šur-ERIM.GABA, "(the god) Aššur is my help,"[1] was the king of Assyria, the 94th to appear on the Assyrian Kinglist,[i 2][i 3] ruling 1019/18-1013 BC. His short six-year reign was marked by confusion and a dearth of contemporary inscriptions.Biography[edit]He succeeded his father, Salmānu-ašarēd II, whose twelve-year reign seems to have ended in confusion, as the last limmu official on his eponym list[i 1] is missing and recorded as ša ar[ki si...], the eponym ‘which is after’ (the previous name). Aššur-nērārī took the eponymy during his first year but the following year is marked ša EGIR maš-šur-, “(year) after Aššur-…” and thereafter all the remaining years were recorded with a sequential number and a Winkelhaken to designate “ditto.” It is probable that events were so turbulent during this period that an eponym was not appointed.[2]The Babylonian king, Ninurta-kudurrῑ-uṣur I (987 – 985 BC) is given as his counterpart on the Synchronistic Kinglist[i 4] but the conventional chronology would suggest it was the earlier monarch, Simbar-Šipak (1025-1008 BC). The later king, Aššur-nāṣir-apli II mentions "Sibir, king of Karduniaš" in the context of the capture of the city of Atlila, in his annals, and historians have tentatively identified this individual with Simbar-Šipak, suggesting he engaged in warfare against Assyria around this time.[3]His successor was his uncle, Aššur-rabi II, a younger son of the earlier king Aššur-nāṣir-apli I. The circumstances of the succession are unknown and the Assyrian Kinglist gives no indication that he was overthrown, the usual cause of an uncle to succeed his nephew in the Assyrian monarchy.Inscriptions[edit]^ Jump up to: a b Eponym List KAV 21, tablet VAT 11254, iv.Jump up ^ Khorsabad Kinglist, tablet IM 60017 (excavation nos.: DS 828, DS 32-54), iv 8.Jump up ^ Nassouhi Kinglist, Istanbul A. 116 (Assur 8836), iv 21.Jump up ^ Synchronistic Kinglist, Ass 14616c (KAV 216).References[edit]Jump up ^ A. Fuchs, K. Radner (1998). "Aššur-nērārī II". In K. Radner. The Prosopography of the Neo-Assyrian Empire, Volume 1, Part I: A. The Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project. p. 208.Jump up ^ M. T. Larsen (1974). "Unusual Eponymy-datings from Mari and Assyria". Revue D’Assyriologie: 21.Jump up ^ J. A. Brinkman (1968). A Political History of Post-Kassite Babylonia, 1158–722 B.C. Pontificium Institutum Biblicum. p. 154.Preceded bySalmānu-ašarēd IIKing of Assyria1019–1013 BCSucceeded byAššur-rabi II

Assyrian King List

King NameYears of RuleKingdom
Eriba-Adad I1380–1353 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-uballit I1353–1318 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Enlil-nirari1317–1308 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Arik-den-ili1307–1296 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Adad-nirari I1295–1264 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Shalmaneser I1263–1234 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Tukulti-Ninurta I1233–1197 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-nadin-apli1196–1194 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-nirari III1193–1188 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Enlil-kudurri-usur1187–1183 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ninurta-apal-Ekur1182–1180 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-Dan I1179-1133 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ninurta-tukulti-Ashur1333 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Mutakkil-nusku1333 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-resh-ishi I1133-1115 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Tiglath-Pileser I1115-1076 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Asharid-apal-Ekur1076-1074 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-bel-kala1074-1056 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Eriba-Adad II1056-1054 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Shamshi-Adad IV1054-1050 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-nasir-pal I1050-1031 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Shalmaneser II1031-1019 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-nirari IV1019-1013 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-rabi II1013-972 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-resh-ishi II972-967 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Tiglath-Pileser II967-935 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-Dan II935-912 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Adad-nirari II912-891 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Tukulti-Ninurta II891-884 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-nasir-pal II884-859 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Shalmaneser III859-824 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Shamshi-adad V824-811 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Shammu-ramat811-808 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Adad-nirari III811-783 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Shalmeneser IV783-773 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Ashur-dan III773-755 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Ashur-nirari V755-745 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Tiglath-Pileser III745-727 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Shalmaneser V727-722 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Sargon II722–705 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Sennacherib705–681 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Esarhaddon681–669 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Ashurbanipal669–631 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Ashur-etli-ilani631-627 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Sin-shumu-lishir626 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Sin-shar-ishkun627-612 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Ashur-uballit II612-608 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire

Sources

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