People > Sargon I

Sargon I

Background

Sargon I, also known as Sharru-ken was a king of the Old Assyrian Kingdom between 1920 BCE and 1881 BCE. His name translated from the Akkadian means "the king is legitimate". Not much is known about his rule other than he was responsible for initiating construction projects that reinforced the capital city of Ashur. He is sometimes confused with Sargon the Great who established the Akkadian Empire and is also known as Sargon of Akkad rather than Sargon I.

Šarru-kīn I, Sharru-ken I, or Sargon I, reigned as a Išši’ak Aššur of the Old Assyrian Empire from c. 1920 BC — c. 1881 BC. Šarru-kīn I is stated on the Assyrian King List as being the son and successor of Ikunum, and the father and predecessor of Puzur-Ashur II. The name, “Sargon” means “the king is legitimate” in the Akkadian language[1] and has also been used to refer to Sargon of Akkad. Sargon I may have been named after Sargon of Akkad,[2] perhaps reflecting the extent to which Sargon I identified with the prestigious Dynasty of Akkad. Sargon I is known for his work refortifying Assur.[3] Very little is otherwise known about Sargon I.[2]The following is a list of the 41 annually-elected limmu officials from the year of accession of Sargon I until the year of his death.[4] Dates are based on a date of 1833 BC for the solar eclipse recorded in the limmu of Puzur-Ishtar:[5][clarification needed]1905 BC Irišum son of Iddin-Aššur1904 BC Aššur-malik son of Agatum1903 BC Aššur-malik son of Enania1902 BC Ibisua son of Suen-nada1901 BC Bazia son of Bal-Tutu1900 BC Puzur-Ištar son of Sabasia1899 BC Pišaḫ-Ili son of Adin1898 BC Asqudum son of Lapiqum1897 BC Ili-pilaḫ son of Damqum1896 BC Qulali1895 BC Susaya1894 BC Amaya the Weaponer1893 BC Ipḫurum son of Ili-ellat1892 BC Kudanum son of Laqipum1891 BC Ili-bani son of Ikunum1890 BC Šu-Kubum son of Susaya1889 BC Quqidi son of Amur-Aššur1888 BC Abia son of Nur-Suen1887 BC Šu-Ištar son of Šukutum1886 BC Bazia son of Šepa-lim1885 BC Šu-Ištar son of Ikunum, the starlike (kakkabanum)1884 BC Abia son of Šu-Dagan1883 BC Salia son of Šabakuranum1882 BC Ibni-Adad son of Baqqunum1881 BC Aḫmarši son of Malkum-išar1880 BC Sukkalia son of Minanum1879 BC Iddin-Aššur son of Kubidi1878 BC Šudaya son of Ennanum1877 BC Al-ṭab son of Pilaḫ-Aššur1876 BC Aššur-dammiq son of Abarsisum1875 BC Puzur-Niraḫ son of Puzur-Suen1874 BC Amur-Aššur son of Karria1873 BC Buzuzu son of Ibbi-Suen1872 BC Šu-Ḫubur son of Elali1871 BC Ilšu-rabi son of Bazia1870 BC Alaḫum son of Inaḫ-ili1869 BC Ṭab-Aššur son of Suḫarum1868 BC Elali son of Ikunum1867 BC Iddin-abum son of Narbitum1866 BC Adad-bani son of Iddin-Aššur1865 BC Aššur-iddin son of ŠuliReferences[edit]Jump up ^ Chavalas, Mark William (29 Jun 2006). The ancient Near East: historical sources in translation. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 23. ISBN 978-0-631-23580-4.^ Jump up to: a b Bromiley, Geoffrey (31 Dec 1996). The international standard Bible encyclopedia (Revised ed.). William B Eerdmans. ISBN 978-0-8028-3784-4.Jump up ^ Leick, Gwendolyn (2001). Who's Who in the Ancient Near East. Routledge. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-415-13231-2.Jump up ^ Klaas R. Veenhof, The old Assyrian list of year eponyms from Karum Kanish and its chronological implications (Ankara, Turkish Historical Society, 2003)Jump up ^ C. Michel, Nouvelles données pour la chronologie du IIe millénaire, NABU 2002, Nr. 20, 17f.Preceded byIkunumIšši’ak Aššurc. 1920 BC — c. 1881 BCSucceeded byPuzur-Ashur II

Assyrian King List

King NameYears of RuleKingdom
Eriba-Adad I1380–1353 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-uballit I1353–1318 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Enlil-nirari1317–1308 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Arik-den-ili1307–1296 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Adad-nirari I1295–1264 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Shalmaneser I1263–1234 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Tukulti-Ninurta I1233–1197 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-nadin-apli1196–1194 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-nirari III1193–1188 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Enlil-kudurri-usur1187–1183 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ninurta-apal-Ekur1182–1180 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-Dan I1179-1133 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ninurta-tukulti-Ashur1333 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Mutakkil-nusku1333 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-resh-ishi I1133-1115 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Tiglath-Pileser I1115-1076 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Asharid-apal-Ekur1076-1074 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-bel-kala1074-1056 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Eriba-Adad II1056-1054 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Shamshi-Adad IV1054-1050 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-nasir-pal I1050-1031 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Shalmaneser II1031-1019 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-nirari IV1019-1013 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-rabi II1013-972 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-resh-ishi II972-967 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Tiglath-Pileser II967-935 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-Dan II935-912 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Adad-nirari II912-891 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Tukulti-Ninurta II891-884 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Ashur-nasir-pal II884-859 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Shalmaneser III859-824 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Shamshi-adad V824-811 BCEMiddle Assyrian Empire
Shammu-ramat811-808 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Adad-nirari III811-783 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Shalmeneser IV783-773 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Ashur-dan III773-755 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Ashur-nirari V755-745 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Tiglath-Pileser III745-727 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Shalmaneser V727-722 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Sargon II722–705 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Sennacherib705–681 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Esarhaddon681–669 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Ashurbanipal669–631 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Ashur-etli-ilani631-627 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Sin-shumu-lishir626 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Sin-shar-ishkun627-612 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire
Ashur-uballit II612-608 BCENeo-Assyrian Empire

Sources

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